Here is a bit of revision for your Salah.. Please do ‘share’ !
The whole tashhud is as follows in phonetic:
At-Tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was-salawatu wat-tay yibatu, As-Salamy ‘alika ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu wa rahma tullahi wa barakatu, As salamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibadil-la his-saliheen , Ash hadu al la ilaha illal lahu, wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluh
The translation is as follows:
All compliments, all physical prayer , and all monetary worship are for Allah. السلام عليكم, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings. Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah . I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah. I bear witness that Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم ) is his slave and Messenger.
The meanings of individual words that you asked for is as follows: